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Çarya Habat Inadj Har - Hail to Wananatw Priesthood

Inadj Harak A’asir – Hail to you Osiris

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imya ra w'abw Sakhamat - over the mouth of the pure ones of Sekhmet Sa'w Wananatw Priesthood

Tj’aw na Hatas ranapat – Book of the Last Day of the Year

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nat 'a - ritual W'abw Wananatw Priesthood

nat ‘a iri w’ab ma sanatjar – Formula for performing purification with Frankincense

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Temple

Connecting Room

Moreover, there is a door of the Connecting Room, south of it, opening on the Corridor just as on the western side. This room has the perfect dimensions of 7 (cubits) by 4 an contains all rituals for the presentation of the food offerings.

– The Great Building Inscription of the edfu Temple Translated by Dieter Kurth

About the Connecting Room

The Connecting Room connects to the passage whereby the Daily Offerings were brought into the temple from the Slaughterhouse, just beyond the Temple wall. On its walls are inscribed with the rituals for presenting the Daily Offerings to the God.

Djeba hieroglyphs
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Temple

Shatjyat – Sanctuary of Sokar

The Shatjyat Sanctuary of Sokar, to the west of it and decorated with the protector gods (see below), is 7 5/6 cubits by 6 2/3 cubits… These are the palaces of Iun (Osiris) in BaHadat (Behdet). His forms have been carved on the walls of the three chambers. The two weeping and mourning women, the two sisters, protect him; they are the two kites, Isis and Nephthys, are the ones who transfigure his Ka’a spirit. The four Asabat goddesses protect the bier. The four Anubis gods, the four door-keepers of the netherworld […], the sharp-eyed protective gods. The gods of the Netherworld, who do not leave their districts, are jointly responsible for his protection. Horus the Protector of his Father protects him. Thoth the Great One reads the festival ritual for him. The gods of BaHadat, the Children of Horakhty, the living Ba’a spirit of Ra in the midst of his children and the netherworld gods, who guard the Nome [and] his [towns], are in their place, and watch over him.

About the Shatjyat

One of three chapels in the north-west of the corridor devoted to the cult of Osiris. This sanctuary dedicated to Sokar as the syncretized Ptah-Sokar-Osiris. Combined with the Mansion of the Prince, these chapels are the Portals of the Pillar-god Osiris. This chapel represented the tomb of Osiris in Man nafar (Memphis). Reliefs show Isis reassembling Osiris after being dismembered by Seth in the Ptolemaic mythos of the Contendings of Horus and Seth.

Chapel Shatyat relief
Relief in the chapel (Image: Kurth, 2004)
Djaba'a Hieroglyphs
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Temple

Chapel of Hathor

Chapel of Hathor

The Chapel of Hathor is also to the left of it (Harpoon Room) and serves as its magazine. The Seat of the First Festival is above it (on the temple roof), its façade facing south, […] inscribed with the rites of the Seat of the First Festival.

About The Chapel of Hathor

There is a hallway connecting this chapel with the Mansion of the Leg, together the chapels are dedicated to the rising of Sapadat (Sirius), and the source of the Nile.

Djeba Hieroglyphs
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Antechamber to Western Stairway

There is a room to the right of it (the Offering Table Hall), measuring 10 by 9, into which the flight of stairs on the right leads.

About the Antechamber to Western Stairway

The winding stairway to the west of the Offering Table Hall was used in a New Year ritual where the God ‘went forth by the western stairway wearing his great crown, with his Pasadjat (Ennead of nine gods) behind him, in order to look at the sun’s disk and to unite with his Ba’a spirit on Wapat Ranapat – Opening of the Year.’

Djeba hieroglyphs
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Temple

BaHadat – Throne Room

The chamber BaHadat is to the left of it (Masanat) and contains the image of the goddess MaHayat (Mehyt) and the Great Ennead, who watch over Osiris. The god Shw is there as north wind, in order to unite himself with Osiris’ nostrils, as it is his duty in the Horizon of Eternity (the tomb), together with Tafanat (Tefnut) as flame in order to burn the enemies of Osiris, as she does in Araq-hah when she is the goddess Manat, the Eye of Ra with the fear-inspiring pupil (and at the same time) the goddess Sakhamat, She who is Powerful, the Mistress of all Sakhamat goddesses.

– The Great Building Inscription of the Edfu Temple Translated by Dieter Kurth

About the BaHadat

The BaHadat, or Throne Room, is decorated with the images of the goddess MaHayat. She is a daughter of Ra, and takes the image of a lion who protected the roads which the dead travelled to the Underworld. The purpose of the BaHadat Room was to protect the temple of Horus by the expiatory offering of incense. On the left side of her sacred barque is a hymn that describes her anger and aggressiveness, and on her right a hymn extolling her as peaceful and beneficence.

The BaHadat Room is also home to the Great Ennead who watch over Osiris, performing various tasks to prevent Him harm and to burn His enemies.

Djaba' Hieroglyphs
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Great Hall

Map of the Great Hall

The Great Hall is in front of it (the Naos) : it has twelve columns, great supports, wonderful to behold. The hall is 37 (cubits) long and 26 wide. Its walls are most perfectly decorated: it is called Place of Pleasure. It is also known as Place of Joy and Place of Enjoyment of Ra and Horus, for it resembles the Chemmis (papyrus thicket) of their son (Horus, Uniter of the Two Lands).

– The Great Building Inscription of the edfu Temple Translated by Dieter Kurth

About The Great Hall

The Great Hall, and those halls and chapels beyond it, make up the original nucleus of the temple, or the Naos. The Great Court has twelve free-standing columns, more slender than those in the Pronaos, and the lower part of the columns being more slender. The Great Court had several names (above), and as the names indicate, The great Hall is the place where the gods enjoy themselves. On the west side of the Hall, the rooms of the ointment-workshop, and Room of the Nile. To the east of the Hall, the Treasury, and a stairway leading to the roof of the Naos.

Djaba' Hieroglyphs
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Çarya Habat Djad Madw - Recitations Hamw Natjar - Servants of the God

Djad madw ran harw Haryw ranapat II masas Har – Recitation of the Days Above the Year II – the Birth of Horus

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