Reconstructed Edfu Gateway

Reconstruction of the Temple of Horus at Edfu

This perfect place, the Nome of R’a Har (Horus-Ra, Edfu), is His horizon on earth, is the House of Appearance of His Majesty (Horus of Edfu), is the Great Throne of his Ka’ spirit, on which he appears in morning and sets in evening, is the Shrine that Protects Khapar (Khepri) of the quickly born child, is the place at which his body has been nourished since the Sap Tapya – First Time, is the djaryat – chamber of the djaratya – falcon, is the Ruler’s House of the ruler, is the tomb of the falcon with the Dappled Plumage, is the Great Place of the greatest of the Natjarw – deities, is the House of the Strong One of Har (Horus), the strong bull, is the Palace of the Revenger (Horus), who drives the hot-headed (enemies) from the land, is the Place of Stabbing of the one who stabs the iwmasatya Serpent (Apophis), is the Horizon of Eternity and Primeval Hill of the horizon deity (Horus), is the Shrine of the divine Winged Disk (‘apya).

His Majesty (Horus) shines daily, high in the heavens, after he has illuminated the Two Lands (Egypt) with his beauty. When Behdety has come down from heaven, he, the Lord of the Natjarw, enters his palace, where he is received with hymns of praise by the Pasadjatyw (divine Ennead). All those who live in Masan (Edfu) rejoice. He sees that Ma’at is lit up in Edfu as Hwt Har (Hathor), the Great One and Mistress of Dandara, and that Her handsome son, Har-sama’a-ta’wya (Horus, uniter of the Two Lands) beloved of all, has taken His place beside Her. When He has recognized that perfection flourishes in his temple and that all the cult therein is according to rule, His heart rejoices. After he has become united with his statue, he praises R’a because of his beloved city. There is jubilation in heaven and rejoicing on earth. The Banks of Har (Egypt) are in festive mood and the Throne of Har (Edfu) is in festive joy.

The House of the Falcon rejoices after R’a Har has united with the Golden One, the Mistress of Dendera, after the king and the queen have come together while their son sits at their side as Pharaoh of Upper and Lower Egypt, these, who are the Enduring Ones of Edfu, the rulers of Kamat (Egypt), the Ka’w (spirits) of Kamat, who keep ta’wya alive.

After Har BaHadatya (Horus Behdety), the great God and Lord of Heaven, with the Dappled Plumage, who comes forth from the horizon, the Naswt Bitya (ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt), has seen the Enclosure wall that surrounds his temple as the horizon surrounds the sun-disk, the superb building of which there is no equal, constructed for him by the Naswt Bitya, the heir of Euergetes II (Ptolemy X), he praises His beloved son for his work and gives Him all that is encompassed by his itan (Aten, sun disk) when he has appeared as Naswt Bitya on the throne of Har as the first of the living Ka’w, forever.

The magnificent ‘apya revealed Himself in heaven as BaHadatya, the great God and Lord of Heaven, and made his way to His Nome (Edfu). He found his shrine pleasant and took his place on his throne. He looked at this perfect work, constructed for him by his beloved heir, the King of Upper and Lower Egypt The Heir of Euergetes II, the Son of R’a Ptolemy X Alexander I, beloved of Har BaHadatya, the Great God and Lord of Heaven, with the Dappled Plumage, who comes forth from heaven as R’a-Har-A’akhatya (Ra-Horakhty) to his Great Seat. He looked at this perfect and splendid monument in Masan, the like of which had never been constructed since the time of the primeval gods, this great wonder without precedent and never there since the time of the gods, this magnificent construction without equal among the temples of Kamat.

The Great Building Inscription of the Edfu Temple