Polermo Stone c. Fifth Dynasty (2392–2283 b.c.e.)


Attested ruler of Dynasty '0' of Lower Egypt, Naqada IIIb-c1, c. 3200-3150 b.c.e. The only archaeological evidence is His listing from the Polermo Stone fragment of possible 5th dynasty construction. Common name in Egyptology are 'Hsekiu' or 'Seka.'


Only a partial inscription remains of the preceding ruler of lower Egypt, which in addition to the determinitive of the seated ruler with the flail and red crown is a partial read on what could be the barrel and the quail chick beneath.

Morphological Analysis

Sek'a's hieroglyps are etched on a slab of stone resembling black basalt. Three single hieroglyps written in the old kingdom style, in a single column, right-left, top-bottom.

folded cloth

The folded cloth is often used as one of the basic phonemes of the language.

Upraised arms holds a multitude of meanings, and is used to spell a variety of words from 'spirit' to 'bull.'

Seated king holding the flail and wearing the crown of Lower Egypt.

The exact meaning of Sek'a is uncertain, but through further morphological analysis and examination of homonemes, more understanding in the meaning of His name is possibly discerned.

v. cultivate, plough

v. ploughing

n. plow ox

n. crops


This reveals a wealth of information on the possible meaning of the Lower Egyptian ruler Sek'a. All hieroglyphs involving the king's name are regarding cultivating and crops. This idea dominates the establishment of the rulership of ancient Egypt. The king was ultimately connected with the inundation and would be responsible for causing the nutrient rich silt to fertilize the flood plains were the crops were planted.

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