Polermo Stone c. Fifth Dynasty (2392–2283 b.c.e.)


Attested ruler of Dynasty '0' of Lower Egypt, Naqada IIIb-c1, c. 3200-3150 b.c.e. The only archaeological evidence is His listing from the Polermo Stone fragment of possible 5th dynasty construction as the third ruler of Lower Egypt of the era. Common name in Egyptology is 'Khayu.'

Morphological Analysis

kh'aiw's hieroglyps are etched on a slab of stone resembling black basalt. Three single hieroglyps written in the old kingdom style, in a single column, right-left, top-bottom.

Oxyrhynchus fish

The Mormyrus kannume or Elephant-snout fish is a freshwater species indigenous to several lakes and rivers in East, North and Northeast Africa, including the entire Nile river system. It is carnivorous, and feeds on animals in bottoms or benthos of their habitats.

Though the Oxyrhynchus or kh'a fish was held sacred in Egypt especially in the later periods when it was considered the fish to eat the phallus of Osiris. There is even bare ruins of a once florishing Ptolemaic era fishing city known as Per-Medjet in Upper Egypt. Also, the Oxyrhynchus papyri are a 1st-6th centuries CE Judaeo-Christian texts found in a rubbish heap in the ruins of Oxyrhynchus. Both of the below are of later period examples of the fish, The first a Ptolemaic Era bronze votive and the second a seatite amulet from an unknown but presumably contemporary period.

Given the legendary source of the Polermo Stone, and the distance from the Ptolaimic city as well as the Osirian city Abydos it is doubtful the Lower Egyptian ruler is connected with the cult of Osiris just yet.

Reclining Bubalus

The Bubalus is a genus of wild or semi-domesticated bovines that include buffalo and bison from both old and new world continents. The horns were omitted for sometime in Old Kingdom Giza.


Seated king holding the flail and wearing the crown of Lower Egypt.

The exact meaning of Kh'aiw is uncertain, but through further morphological analysis and examination of homonemes, more understanding in the meaning of His name is possibly discerned.

n. Sack, leather bag.

n. Curl on the red crown

n. Widow

n. Crookedness

n. Sickle. Also without stick determinitive, n. Clavicle

adj. Resolute

v. Bend down (in respect).

(Beer determinitive attached to bending arms) pn. A type of beer

n. Storm

tr. v. To thwart (someone).

n. Pile of corpses.

adj. Glad?

n. Wrongdoing.

v. lament, cry out.

n. Dog

adj. Be boatless. v. Strand, leave boatless, helpless, deprive.

n. Jar



Unlike Sek'a, there is not much revealed by Morphology. The closest relation with words beginning with the elephant-nosed fish is the curl for the red crown. The other word that is a possibility is to bow in respect. However, it may be the name of a settlement or region, as there is a type of beer named the same with only the beer jar and plural lines added.

For the seated calf, additional search for homonemes resulted to add words that not only ended in the seated calf but also where the word is made from the seated calf, spelling, and determinitive. This was the case of wrongdoing and lament, cry out. It is doubtful that a ruler would use the word wrongdoing in his name, but Lament, cry out is a possiblity if he was more warlike than his predicessors.

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Per Djeba


Samarw Affiliates