Attested ruler of Dynasty '0' of Lower Egypt, Naqada IIIb-c1, c. 3200-3150 b.c.e. The only archaeological evidence is His listing from the Polermo Stone fragment of possible 5th dynasty construction. Common name in Egyptology is 'Thesh'.'

Morphological Analysis

The early dynastic serekh of Tjash was inscribed in Old Kingdom style hieroglyphs on a slab of stone resembling black basalt. Two single hieroglyps written in the old kingdom style, in a single column, right-left, top-bottom.

Rope for tethering animals

This hieroglyph is often used as one of the basic phonemes of the language.

Garden Pool

This hieroglyph is often used as one of the basic phonemes of the language.

Seated king holding the flail and wearing the crown of Lower Egypt.

The meaning to Tjash is unknown, but through further morphological analysis more understanding in the meaning of His name is possibly discerned.

There are no known morphemes that begin as the rope for tethering animals followed by the garden pool. Several morphemes end in the garden pool, but no common pattern is noticed, other than both the foreign lands of Kush and Biblos (Lebanon) end in the garden pool. One possibility is the phenomenon of replacing the rope tether with the loaf, as the phoneme /T/ is later replaced with the phoneme /t/. This happens usually with the suffix pronoun and , both meaning you, your.

tS - spit out
tS - desist (from)
tS - be missing (from)
tS - crush (heads), grind (grain), split (wood)

The word here of particular interest is the third on the list. Archaeological and literary record show Lower Egypt inhabited by populations of intense agriculture, especially within the Nile Delta region. What makes the word so compelling of it being the possible interpretation of the name of this legendary bee ruler of Lower Egypt is the multiple meanings it conveys. A ruler of Egypt was considered both the bringer of crops as well as protective warrior for his people. A word meaning both crushing heads and grinding grain would fit perfectly within the duties of Bity Tjash.


Polermo Stone c. Fifth Dynasty (2392–2283 b.c.e.)

Madw Natjr - Ancient Egyptian Language



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